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又有人被印度的个人独资企业骗了?_注册上海公司_上海公司注销

In recent years so many Chinese clients have been deceived by sole proprietors in India, to believe that they are conducting a business with a Company rather than Sole Proprietorship Firms. These sole proprietors are either fraudster or have got no registered Sole Proprietorship Firm in India. Hence, many Chinese clients have difficulties in trying to get their money back, after realising that the Sole Proprietorship does not operate in a same way as a Company.  Consequently, this article discusses everything a client needs to know before dealing with a Sole Proprietorship Firm in India. Firstly, what is the Sole Proprietorship Firm and how is it different from a company, especially a One Person Company of India? Sole Proprietorship Firm is an unincorporated business owned and run by one individual with no distinction between the business and the owner. Hence, it is often considered as an extension of the person conducting the business, without a need of legally valid proof of its existence. Besides, Sole Proprietorship Firms are not regulated under any one law of India and does not have mandatory registration requirement of registering the firm. However, One Person Company is completely different then Sole Proprietorship Firms, as they are incorporated businesses which are regulated by Companies Act 2013. The One Person Company are not recognised as an extension of the person conducting the business, instead they have their own separate legal entity. Thus, the Company has mandatory requirement of registering their company with Registrar of Companies. Yet, both the Sole Proprietorship Firm and the One Person Company can only be formed by a one person who is an Indian resident. Therefore, this makes some sole proprietor believe that they run a company instead of a small firm and they mislead their clients into believing the same. Consequently, most of the clients get easily fooled by these sole proprietors. Secondly, how does this increase the risks for the clients when they are dealing with a Sole Proprietorship Firm instead of a Company in India?   It is necessary to emphasize what was mentioned above, that ‘the Sole Proprietorship Firms are an unincorporated business.’ Hence, they portray certain risks to clients.  One of the major risks is that you can never sue a Sole Proprietorship Firm in the name of the firm, instead you can only sue the sole proprietor. Whereas, if the client was dealing with a company, then client could have easily sued the company in its own name rather than trying to sue the director of the company. In Miraj Advertising Corporation v. Vishaka Engineering it was held that; “A proprietorship firm has no legal entity like a registered firm.   A suit cannot be instituted in the name of an unregistered proprietorship firm and the said suit is to be instituted in the name of the proprietor.”  Moreover, it is very hard to do the due diligence process on the unregistered Sole Proprietorship Firms in India to find out whether they are authentic or not. Currently, there is no mandatory requirement in India for proprietors to register their proprietorship firms, and therefore it is so easy to commit fraud in the name of the proprietorship firm. As a result, many of our clients have faced a risk of dealing with an unregistered proprietorship firm who is undertaking a fraud business. While if the client was dealing with a company then the due diligence process can be done very easily, and the legality of the company could have been proved easily. The incorporation certificate of the company can be found with the Registrar of the Companies and therefore can simply establish the legality of the company, unlike the Sole Proprietorship Firms who have no such registration certificate. Therefore, in summary two of the most common risks which our clients face with Sole Proprietorship Firms are: 1.Cannot sue the firm in its own name 2.Very hard to prove the authenticity of the firm, and therefore client can be expose to the fraud Sole Proprietorship Firm which is not registered and has no valid proof of existence. Finally, how can clients protect themselves against such Sole Proprietorship Firms of India? One of the easiest ways to check the authenticity of the Sole Proprietorship Firms in India is to check if they have a valid proof of existence.   In order to examine the valid proof of existence of Sole Proprietorship Firm in India, the client needs to check if the firm has opened a bank account in the name of the Sole Proprietorship Firm itself. This is because, the bank would have examined the documents which prove the existence of the business in the name of the Proprietorship Firm, according to the Know Your Customer (KYC) Master Directions 2016, before opening such bank account in the name of the Sole Proprietorship Firm.   Besides, a genuine sole proprietor would have also registered the Sole Proprietorship Firm under different acts and rules of India, in order to prove its valid proof of existence, despite it not being mandatory.   Some of the ways sole proprietor can register their business are by obtaining one or more of the following things in the name of the Sole Proprietorship Firm: 1.Shop & Establishment Certificate under Shop and Establishment Act 2.Goods and Services Tax Identification Number and Registration 3.IEC (Importer Exporter Code) issued to the proprietary concern by the office of DGFT or Licence/certificate of practice issued in the name of the proprietary concern by any professional body incorporated under a statute. 4.Certificate/registration document issued by Sales Tax/Service Tax/Professional Tax authorities. 5.Intellectual Property Rights Registration As a result, client can carry the due diligence of the Sole Proprietorship Firms which are registered under different acts, by asking the sole proprietor to issue the authentic copy of the documents and cross checking the documents with the relevant government authority. Consequently, this will prove the that Sole Proprietorship Firm has the valid proof of existence in India. Conclusion Therefore, in conclusion the Sole Proprietorship Firms which have their own bank account, in the name of the firm, and have been registered under different acts and laws of India, have a valid proof of existence and a fixed place of business. The clients can be assured that the firms are authentic by conducting the due diligence of the bank account details and registered documents with the relevant authorities.   Whereas, the Sole Proprietorship Firms which are not registered in India tend to be more suspicious of their activities, and the clients can easily be exposed to the fraud Sole Proprietorship Firms. 最近和客户沟通的时候,有客户反映自己被印度的个人独资企业骗了,其实这也不是第一次了。出海印度的客户普遍避免不了和印度个人独资企业打交道。那究竟什么是个人独资企业?印度的个人独资企业又有哪些特点?怎样防止在交易时被骗?今天就来讲讲印度个人独资企业的那点事。 一、什么是印度个人独资企业? Sole Proprietorship Firm,英文直译过来是“单一 所有权 商行”。按印度法律规定, Sole Proprietorship Firm是由一个自然人拥有和经营的非法人企业,该企业与所有者之间没有区别。因此,它通常被认为是开展业务的人的延伸,而无需法律上有效证明其存在。此外,独资公司不受印度任何一部法律的监管,也没有强制性的注册要求。该怎样理解印度的“单一 所有权 商行”?中国有两个相似的概念与之类似:个人独资企业和个体工商户。 我国的的个人独资企业是指依照法律在中国境内设立,由一个自然人投资,财产为投资人个人所有,投资人以其个人财产对企业债务承担无限责任的经营实体。而个体工商户是指依照《个体工商户条例》规定经工商行政管理部门登记,从事工商业经营的有经营能力的公民。 两种商业形式的共同点都是设立者是自然人且对该商业组织要承担无限连带责任。但区别在于:1.个人独资企业必须是一个自然人设立,个体工商户既可以是个人设立,也可以家庭设立。2.个人独资企业必须有固定的生产经营场所和合法的企业名称,属于一个小公司。个体工商户可以没有企业名称,也可以没有固定的经营场所。3.个人独资企业是经营实体,是一种企业形态,个体工商户不采用企业形式。一般认为属于“个人”。 虽然印度的“单一 所有权 商行”与中国法律中的个人独资企业或个体工商户概念都不完全符合,但综合上述三个区别考虑,先将其理解为个人独资企业再进行细致分析较为妥当。 二、印度的个人独资企业有什么特点? 印度有茫茫多的个人独资企业,它们都具有以下特点: 1.成立方式简单。注册印度独资公司主要只需提供三个主要文件:(1)所有者的PAN卡复印件(2)营业场所的电费/水费账单(3)Aadhaar卡/选民身份证复印件。 需要注意的是,虽然成立简单,但目前只有印度本国人才能成立个人独资企业。 2.缴纳税款更少。与我国的个人独资企业有区别的一点是,印度的个人独资企业并不需要缴纳印度的公司税,仅需按个人所得税率缴纳所得税。 3.运营的合规标准低。个人独资企业是印度所有商业组织类型中合规标准最低的,只需要遵守最低限度的法定合规标准即可。准确而言只有两个合规标准: (1)如果经营者的收入超过所得税的免税额度基本限额,则必须提交所得税申报表;如果经营者收入没有超过免税额度基本限额,则经营者可以选择填写(或不填)所得税申报表。 (2)如果经营者是根据《商品及服务税法》(GST Act)注册的,则还需要该经营者提交GST申报单。 4.不是独立的法律实体。个人独资企业不是法律意义上的“法人”,因此企业本身无法独立承担责任。不能作为独立的被告被起诉,而只能在印度起诉该独资企业的所有者。这一点在判例Miraj Advertising Corporation诉Vishaka Engineering案裁定中有所体现:“独资企业没有像注册公司那样的法人实体。不能以未注册独资企业的名义提起诉讼,而该诉讼应以所有人的名义提起。” 5.没有专门法律管辖。由于以上的特点,

2020年企业别再伪造、买卖、虚开,试试个人独资企业核定征收

2020年企业别再伪造、买卖、虚开,试试个人独资企业核定征收_兔子15683792735_新浪博客,兔子15683792735,

,上海公司注册地址,本文为您详细道来。,印度的个人独资企业并不是真正意义上的公司,因此也不受公司法的约束,印度也没有任何一部专门规制个人独资企业的法律。 三、为什么会被印度个人独资企业骗? 重点来了,为什么许多个人和企业都会被印度的个人独资企业骗呢? 其实,骗人的个人独资企业基本都是未注册的个人独资企业。 首先,印度的个人独资企业并没有强制注册要求。这一点与我国的个人独资企业非常不同,未注册的企业无法核实其真实地址,也就没有办法进行尽职调查。 其次,印度并没有企业名称必须是排他、唯一的要求。这就很可能出现个人独资企业冒用其他公司的名称进行诈骗或虚假业务的情况。 最后,印度的公司以家族形式经营的情况非常多,而以独资企业从事虚假业务的情况往往也是一家人互相配合掩护,更加增强了欺骗性和迷惑性。 可能有人会问:即使我和未注册的个人独资企业交易了,难道不能直接起诉该经营者个人追回损失吗? 事实上,印度对自然人的诉讼程序非常繁琐冗长,如果是因为个人独资企业的虚假业务而被骗,基本很难挽回损失。 四、客户该怎样降低与印度独资企业交易的风险呢? 如果一定要与个人独资企业进行交易,最好的办法去查证一个个人独资企业是否存在真实的业务,就是检查个人独资企业的银行详细信息。 根据印度银行2016年的《了解你的客户(KYC)总指南》规定;以独资企业的名义开设银行帐户的独资经营者,必须至少提交以下文件中的两项,作为在该公司的业务/活动的证明: (a)注册证 (b)市政府根据《商店和营业场所法》颁发的证书/许可证。 (c)销售和所得税申报表。 (d)CST / VAT / GST证书(临时/最终)。 (e)营业税/服务税/专业税务部门签发的证明/注册文件。 (f)由DGFT办事处颁发给专有关系的IEC(进口者出口商代码)或由依法成立的任何专业机构以专有关系的名义颁发的执照/执业证书。 (g)完整的所得税申报表(包括不限于确认书),应以个人所有人的名义反映公司的收入,并由所得税主管部门进行适当的认证/确认。 (h)水电费,例如电费,水费,固定电话费账单等 因为银行在开设独资公司账户之前已经进行了客户尽职调查。得益于此,通过查阅独资企业的银行信息,每个拥有有效独资公司账户详细信息的独资经营者都可认为是有效存在的真实企业。此外,独资企业经营者获得的一些相关登记注册信息也可以佐证其业务真实存在,例如: 1.《商店和店铺法》中的商店和店铺证书 2.商品和服务税识别号和注册文件 3.由DGFT办公室颁发给专有权的IEC(进口者出口商代码)或由根据法规成立的任何专业机构以专有权的名义发行的执照/执业证书。 4.营业税/营业税/专业税务部门签发的证明/注册文件 5.知识产权注册情况 因此,客户可以要求独资经营者出具单据的真实副本并与相关政府机构进行交叉核对,从而对在不同行为下注册的独资公司进行尽职调查。因此,这将证明独资公司在印度具有有效的存在证明。 文末福利:未注册的个人独资企业经常冒充为为一人公司,两者究竟有哪些区别? 如还有其他问题咨询,欢迎联系盈科印度今斗云。 作者简介 本文系盈科今斗云原创,非经许可不得转载、链接、转帖或以其他方式复制发布、发表、使用。违者将依法追究其法律责任。 坐标:中国  上海 地址:静安区江场三路181号盈科律师大厦 邮箱:contact@jdyinvest.com 电话:8621-36697833 手机:86-15317015121 官网:http://www.jdyinvest.com/